Main Article Content

Abstract

Backgrounds:


The incidence of perforated peptic ulcers has decreased during the last decades but the optimal treatment for these patients remains controversial. At the same time, a laparoscopic approach to this condition has been adopted by an increased number of surgeons.


Therefore, this study wants to evaluate the postoperative results of the laparoscopic treatment of perforated peptic ulcer performed in one Italian center with extensive experience in laparoscopic surgery.


Methods:


This retrospective study includes 94 patients who were operated for perforated peptic ulcer peritonitis at “St. Orsola Hospital - Emergency Surgery Unit - University of Bologna” from May 2014 to December 2019. The patients’ charts were reviewed for demographics, surgical procedure, complications, and short-term outcomes.


Results:


The diagnosis was made clinically and confirmed by the presence of gas under diaphragm on abdominal X-ray. All patients underwent primary suture repair with or without omentopexy. Boey score 0 or 1 was found in 66 (70%) patients, Boey 2 or 3 in 28 (30%) patients. The operative time was between 35 and 255 minutes, with a mean of 93 minutes. The overall median hospital stay was 9.5 (1-60) days. Post-operative complications occurred in 19 (20%) patients and 18 (19%) patients died.


Conclusions:


Perforated peptic ulcer is a severe condition that requires early hospital admission and immediate surgery. Laparoscopy in experienced centers and for selected patients is safe, associated with optimal outcomes and should be the preferred approach.

Keywords

peptic ulcer gastric perforation peritonitis laparoscopy minimally invasive surgery emergency surgery

Article Details

How to Cite
Vaccari, S., D’Andrea, V., Lauro, A., D’Intino, R., Gulotta, E., Cervellera, M., & Tonini, V. (2020). Laparoscopic repair for perforated peptic ulcer: our experience, a comparison with the open approach and a review of the literature. Journal of Gastric Surgery, 2(2), 26-32. https://doi.org/10.36159/jgs.v2i2.28

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